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Capital: Bauchi

Motto: Pearl of Tourism


Population: 4,653,066 (2006 est.)


Area: 49,119 sq km


Local Government Area: 



Bauchi, Tafawa Balewa, Dass,Toro, Bogoro,Ningi, Warji, Ganjuwa , Kirfi,  Alkaleri, Darazo, Misau, Giade, Shira, Jam'are, Katagum, Itas/Gadau,  Zaki, Dambam.


Wildlife/Vegetation: Bauchi state is one of the states in the northern part of Nigeria that span two distinctive vegetation zones, namely, the Sudan savannah and the Sahel savannah. The Sudan savannah type of vegetation covers the southern part of the state. Here, the vegetation gets richer and richer towards the south, especially along water sources or rivers, but generally the vegetation is less uniform and grasses are shorter than what grows even farther south, that is, in the forest zone of the middle belt.

The Sahel type of savannah, also known as semi-desert vegetation, becomes manifest from the middle of the state as one moves from the state's south to its north. This type of vegetation comprises isolated stands of thorny shrubs.

On the other hand, the southwestern part of the state is mountainous as a result of the continuation of the Jos Plateau, while the northern part is generally sandy.

The vegetation types as described above are conditioned by the climatic factors, which in turn determine the amount of rainfall received in the area. For instance, the rainfall in Bauchi state ranges between 1300 mm per annum in the south and only 700 mm per annum in the extreme north. This pattern is because in the West Africa sub-region, rains generally come from the south as they are carried by the south westerlies. There is therefore a progressive dryness towards the north, culminating in the desert condition in the far north. So also, is the case in Bauchi state.

Consequently, rains start earlier in the southern part of the state, where rain is heaviest and lasts longer. Here the rains start in April with the highest record amount of 1300 mm per annum. In contrast, the northern part of the state receives the rains late, usually around June or July, and records the highest amount of 700 mm per annum.

In the same vein, the weather experienced in the south and the north varies considerably. While it is humidly hot during the early part of the rainy season in the south, the hot, dry and dusty weather lingers up north.

In addition to rainfall, Bauchi state is watered by several rivers. They include the Gongola and Jama'are rivers.

The Gongola River crosses Bauchi state in Tafawa Balewa Local Government Area in the south and in Kirfi and Alkaleri Local Government Areas in the eastern part of the state, while the Jama’are River cuts across a number of Local Government Areas in the northern part of the state. Moreover, a substantial part of the Hadeja-Jama'are River basin lies in Bauchi state, which along with various fadama (floodplain) areas in the state provides suitable land for agricultural activities. These are further supported by the number of dams meant for irrigation and other purposes. These include the Gubi and Tilde-Fulani dams. There also lakes such as the Maladumba Lake in Misau Local Government Area that further provide the necessary conditions to support agriculture.


Main ethnic groups:  Hausa, Fulani, Gerawa, Sayawa, Jarawa, Kirfawa, Turawa Bolewa, Karekare, Kanuri, Fa’awa, Butawa, Warjawa, Zulawa, and Badawa

Language(s): Hausa







  • Yankari Resort and Safari

  • Sumu Wildlife park

  • Tafawa Balewa Tomb

  • Geji rock painting monument

  • Marshal Caves

  • Wikki Warm Spring

  • Lame/Bura Wildlife/Eco-Reserve



Bauchi, usually referred to as Bauchi State to distinguish it from the city of Bauchi, is a state in northern Nigeria. Its capital is the city of Bauchi. The state was formed in 1976 when the former North-Eastern State was broken up. It originally included the area now in Gombe State, which became a distinct state in 1996.

The State has over 55 ethnic groups. Though these different ethnic groups have their own languages, customs, historical background, festivals, occupational patterns and beliefs, the peaceful co-existence with each other clearly demonstrates the unity in diversity of the people of the State.

The State is bordered by seven states, Kano and Jigawa to the north; Taraba and Plateau to the south; Gombe and Yobe to the east and Kaduna to the west.

There are cultural similarities in the people’s language, occupational practices, festivals, dress and there is a high degree of ethnic interaction especially in marriage and economic existence. Some of the ethnic groups have joking relationships that exist between them, e.g. Fulani and Kanuri, Jarawa and Sayawa, etc.

Like most of the States of Northern Nigeria, Bauchi State shares two distinct ecological zones, the Sudan Savannah which covers the southern part of the state while the Sahel Savannah covers the western and northern parts of the State and has a rainfall regime of between 700mm and 1300 mm falling over a period of three to four months annually. It is blessed with a number of large rivers, which include the Jama’are, Gongola and Dindima Rivers, in addition to a number of smaller ones which provide suitable basin for agricultural activities such as Crop production, Fishing, Livestock production and Irrigation purposes.

These are also supported with other dams and lakes that support agriculture and electricity generation. With a vast land of high soil quality, agriculture remains the backbone of the economy of the State. About 80% of the inhabitants in the region engage in the production of food and cash crops, but mainly on a small-scale subsistence basis. Cotton, Maize, Groundnuts, Millet, Guinea corn, Rice, Beans, Sesame seeds and Gum-Arabic among others make up the major crops produced in the State.









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